Category: How to Become a Pilot


State Department Wishes Air Force Happy Anniversary… With Image Of The WRONG Planes!

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tweet of blue angels - State Department Wishes Air Force Happy Anniversary… With Image Of The WRONG Planes!

The State department tweeted congrats to the Air Force on its 73rd Anniversary—it seems so young for its age! But in doing so it used a photo of a demonstration team from another branch, the Navy! The post has since been deleted.

The photo, spotted by the website, shows the USN Blue Angels doing their thing in impressive fashion. The Air Force’s jet demonstration team is, of course the Blue Angels (joking, it’s the Thunderbirds!).

Based on the two services long standing rivalry, we’re guessing that Air Force pilots will be hearing about this one for a long time to come!

Earlier in the week a campaign ad for President Trump used an image from stock photo supplier Shutterstock showing Russian MiG 29 jets and soldiers in silhouetted carrying AK-47 rifles.

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

Plane & Pilot Photo Of The Week For September 18, 2020: Martian Citation?

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mars - Plane & Pilot Photo Of The Week For September 18, 2020: Martian Citation?

This week’s Plane & Pilot Photo Of The Week is a commentary on the unprecedented damage wrought by wildfires in the American West. The pic shows a tongue-in-cheek geo-tag scrawled on the skin of a Cessna Citation Excel by some unknown Graffiti artist. The photographer, who asked not to be named, shared it with Plane & Pilot…thanks!

And it’s not far from the truth, either. With wildfires obscuring visibility and leaving a fine dusting of reddish soot everywhere, it really does seem more like Mars than Earth sometimes.

Here’s to getting back to blue skies in every conceivable way before too long.

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

House Transportation Committee Slams Boeing And FAA In 737 Max Debacle

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boeing 737 max 8 - House Transportation Committee Slams Boeing And FAA In 737 Max Debacle

The House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure released its long-awaited report on its investigation into the troubled Boeing 737 Max program, and the committee spread plenty of ink in its condemnation of the roles that Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration played in the affair. This, after two crashes, one in Indonesia in 2018 and one in Ethiopian in 2019 in which 346 people were killed. Both crashes have been tied to the computerized MCAS stability enhancement system that was introduced on the 737 line with the launch of the 737 Max.

In the 238-page report, the committee blamed Boeing for fast-tracking the program as it competed with Airbus for sales in the lucrative single-aisle short-haul airliner market, for its “culture of concealment,” for the faulty design of MCAS and more. It also called into question the way that Boeing employees are also responsible for FAA certification responsibilities, a practice that is nearly universal in manufacturing.

It faulted the FAA for succumbing to pressure from Boeing not only on the factory floor but on subsequent determinations in Boeing’s favor after FAA inspectors had made conflicting recommendations.

Here’s the verbatim text of the bullet points of the report as announced by the House Committee.

  • Production pressures that jeopardized the safety of the flying public. There was tremendous financial pressure on Boeing and the 737 MAX program to compete with Airbus’ new A320neo aircraft. Among other things, this pressure resulted in extensive efforts to cut costs, maintain the 737 MAX program schedule, and avoid slowing the 737 MAX production line.
  • Faulty Design and Performance Assumptions. Boeing made fundamentally faulty assumptions about critical technologies on the 737 MAX, most notably with MCAS, the software designed to automatically push the airplane’s nose down in certain conditions. Boeing also expected that pilots, who were largely unaware that MCAS existed, would be able to mitigate any potential malfunction.
  • Culture of Concealment. Boeing withheld crucial information from the FAA, its customers, and 737 MAX pilots, including internal test data that revealed it took a Boeing test pilot more than 10 seconds to diagnose and respond to uncommanded MCAS activation in a flight simulator, a condition the pilot described as “catastrophic.” Federal guidelines assume pilots will respond to this condition within four seconds.
  • Conflicted Representation. The FAA’s current oversight structure with respect to Boeing creates inherent conflicts of interest that have jeopardized the safety of the flying public. The report documents multiple instances in which Boeing employees who have been authorized to perform work on behalf of the FAA failed to alert the FAA to potential safety and/or certification issues.
  • Boeing’s Influence Over the FAA’s Oversight Structure. Multiple career FAA officials have documented examples where FAA management overruled a determination of the FAA’s own technical experts at the behest of Boeing. These examples are consistent with results of a recent draft FAA employee “safety culture” survey that showed many FAA employees believed its senior leaders are more concerned with helping industry achieve its goals and are not held accountable for safety-related decisions.

In the meantime, Boeing has been working with the FAA to get the Max re-certified. Those approvals are expected soon.

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

United States Has Flown A Brand-New Fighter Jet

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f22 raptor fighter jet - United States Has Flown A Brand-New Fighter Jet

Several defense industry outlets are reporting that the United States Air Force has flown a next-gen fighter, which has already broken several records on its first flights. The remarkable thing? No one knew anything about it until Tuesday. Here’s what we know now.

And be forewarned: It’s not much. We know, according to multiple sources, that it was developed in secret (duh) and that the program is being conducted unlike any before it, using extensive computer modeling, cutting-edge tool creation and small batch production methods. It’s being referred to as a sixth-gen fighter, which means it’s more advanced than the F-35 Lightning or the F-22 Raptor. The Air Force is saying nothing about it, not even who’s building it, but we’re guessing it has to be one of three companies, Lockheed-Martin, Boeing or Lockheed and Boeing. Is it stealth? It has to be, right? Is it VTOL? We’re guessing, yes? What kinds of weapons? A Romulan death ray? Who knows. We don’t even have an idea when to expect more news about it, though we hope it’s soon.

But there is one more interesting piece of info: the Air Force is referring to the program as the NGAD program, for Next Generation Air Dominance. The former term, “air superiority,” apparently wasn’t superior enough. And again, how do you get cooler or more capable than 5th Gen fighters? Beats us, but we’re dying to find out!

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

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microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

While some people may look at Microsoft Flight Simulator (MSFS) and call it a video game, it is much more than that to a large swath of people. It’s right there in the name: “simulator”. I know a handful of lifelong aviation enthusiasts that can attribute their fascination with flight to Microsoft Flight Simulator. When Microsoft shelved the series and licensed out the code, that was presumed to be the end of the series. 

While 2020 has taken so very much from the world, it has finally given us a new entrant into the coveted flight series. I’ll get right to it, though: MSFS is imperfect. In fact, in its initial release, it is far from perfect. The bones of the simulator, however, are setting the stage for something very special…eventually. And I am very excited for what likely will be coming soon. 

At launch, MS Flight Simulator is only available on PC and that means that many will need to put money into their machines… the more you spend, the better performing your computer will be, and the more likely your experience will be improved. To be blunt; MSFS is a pig. The gaming community has compared it to Crysis, a 2007 game that was legendary for its hardware requirements. Even the highest end consumer gaming PC hardware struggles to run MSFS well, so playing MSFS may require a steep investment. There are ways around this, however, and I’ll touch on that a bit later.

The world created by the MSFS team is stunning; it’s quite literally the entire world. Using satellite imagery from Bing Maps (remember Bing!?), combined with artificial intelligence from Blackshark, MSFS recreated the entire world in a level of detail never before seen. So, even if most people won’t have computers that can run at the highest resolution, it won’t stop us from sharing some pretty good photos of the potential!

microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think 3 - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

The MSFS developers handcrafted dozens of airports from around the world, and the results truly are amazing — strolling around JFK looks just like the real thing. The base level of MS Flight Simulator includes 30 detailed airports, while the Deluxe version bumps it up to 35 and Premium to 40. Airports throughout the rest of the world are dynamically generated, but taxiways and runways were manually plotted for accuracy. It’s fun to put the game into drone mode and just explore the world without having to worry about actually flying an aircraft.

microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think 4 - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

Just above the world created in MSFS is, of course, weather. This aspect is a bit of a standout feature. While prior iterations of the simulator let users tinker with the weather, the 2020 version cranks it up to a whole new level. Really, they could have created another simulator called MSWS: Microsoft Weather Simulator, with no planes — it is that good (for our #wxGeek friends). Users can create their own layered weather systems or turn on the real-time weather service.

microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think 5 - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

The base version offers 20 aircraft, including the Airbus A320neo and Boeing 747-8I. The Deluxe version adds practically nothing, while the Premium version adds in the Boeing 787-10. While the aircraft look as amazing as you would expect, the actual simulation is on the weak side. Most of the aircraft do not handle as I would expect… at all.

microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think 6 - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

I often find myself fighting the aircraft as it makes inexplicable movements. No matter how many times I calibrate my controller, aircraft simply refuse to fly in a straight line and small movements on the controller’s analog stick often result in unrealistically dramatic aircraft movements.

Even though the base level includes 30 aircraft, it includes training for just one — the Cessna 152. If you want to fly the A320neo, or any of the other aircraft, you need to figure it out yourself, and depending on the complexity of the aircraft, that might not be so easy. There are checklists to guide you, but I’ve never gotten MSFS to display a checklist beyond engine start. So takeoff, after takeoff, level flight, and landing procedures are all on you. Don’t forget to lower the landing gear.

microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think 8 - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

The autopilot for the majority of the aircraft, at least in my experience, does not work properly or at all. Stable flight, for the most part, just isn’t something I have been able to reliably produce using autopilot. The “AI” pilot is supposed to be able to take over control and fly the aircraft, kind of like a super autopilot, but that will often result in the aircraft flying upside down or into a mountain. At least it seems to be able to handle ATC communications without trouble, just like a real first officer (the latter part, not the former).

While I often spent hours at a time playing Flight Simulator X back in the day, the 2020 version isn’t keeping my attention. Maybe it’s the extended loading times between flights. Maybe it’s the lack of simulated challenges. Perhaps it is all the bugs… or maybe I just have more to do these days (Haha, I doubt that Jason -Editor). I just haven’t been able to sit in front of the sim for more than an hour at a time and that is disappointing. 

microsoft flight simulator easier to get flying than you might think 11 - Microsoft Flight Simulator: Easier to Get Flying Than You Might Think!

The bones of a great entry to the Microsoft Flight Simulator series are there, and the framework to get it to greatness is present. Third-party support was, and still is, a massive business for Flight Simulator X, and the 2020 release of MSFS aims to keep that support alive. I am excited to see what aircraft become available to purchase as add-ons, and to see how they up the ante in terms of realism. There is already an effort to improve the A320neo flight mechanics and systems, so the development community is definitely ready.

Microsoft has said that support for MSFS will last for a decade, so don’t feel like you need to rush out today to buy a gaming PC — it might actually be best to wait a year or two for the ecosystem to fully blossom. If you must play now, and don’t want to drop a few grand on hardware, you can wait for the Xbox console port or try something called Shadow. Shadow is a gaming service that puts all of the expensive hardware in the cloud and runs locally on your device, ranging from a Mac to an Android phone. Simply put, the service is pretty damn amazing (and no, I get no kick backs). Granted, you need a fast internet connection for it to work, but it has enabled me to run MSFS without having to buy anything except for the $5 monthly Xbox Game Pass for PC subscription, which includes the base version of MSFS.

Happy flying… eventually.

All images are from Microsoft

TikTok Video: Getting Hit By Flame Retardant From A DC-10

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dc 10 dropping fire retardant - TikTok Video: Getting Hit By Flame Retardant From A DC-10

To state the obvious, working on the front lines of a major fire has its risks, and one of those is getting hit with retardant from a firefighting plane. This truck, which looks to be a tanker of some kind, witnessed first hand the power of a big drop from a converted DC-10. The video, which was posted by HBK1966 on TikTok and subsequently cross-posted on other platforms, shows the size and power of the DC-10. Check out these other videos on Plane & Pilot to see, one, just how awe-inspiring this plane in action is and, in the other, just how much damage a drop can do if a vehicle takes a direct hit. And thanks to the heroes on the front lines!

DC-10 Firebombing run from r/aviation

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

Aviation Sales Numbers Down In First Half Of 2020

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20 Archer Fleet ATP 6 SM 1536x991 1 - Aviation Sales Numbers Down In First Half Of 2020

The General Aviation Manufacturers Association came out with the first-half numbers for GA plane sales, and as you might have expected, they were significantly off of last year’s marks, though certain segments fared far worse than others.

Sales of piston-powered aircraft were off, with 497 singles and twins being delivered (deliveries and not sales are what count) to customers in the first half, 219 of them in Q1 and 278 in Q2, which was a decline of 13.3% from the same period last year—the kind of dip that isn’t uncommon year to year even without multiple crises affecting the United States. And with the fourth quarter often being the busiest sales period of the year, it’s not hard to imagine that the segment might recoup some of those presumably postponed purchases later this year.

The news was worse for turboprop plane makers, with deliveries down 34.2%, with sales of 152 aircraft. Business jets were hit almost as hard, with a decline of 26.7% on sales of 244 jets. The bottom line number, the value of planes sold, saw a steep decline, with sales of $7.9 billion, a 20.2% drop over the same period of 2019.

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

Lessons Learned: Know When To Call It A Day

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know when to call it a day web - Lessons Learned: Know When To Call It A Day

Along the Gulf Coast of Texas, we are occasionally, after a cold front moves through, blessed with almost perfect flying weather. The humidity drops, the temperature cools, and all plans for being in the office drop away. And you’re not alone, as almost every pilot within 200 square miles decides to head to their airport of choice to alight and burn holes in the bright blue sky.

Not that long ago, I was looking out my window at such a morning, and I said, “Darn it, I’m going flying!” I called up the training center where I rent my favorite steed—a well-worn Piper Warrior—and found that said steed was “down for maintenance” (an indication of things to come; call it Sign #1), but they kindly offered me an equally well-worn Archer (for a few dollars more per hour) to carry me skyward. I gladly accepted (more horsepower is always worth it, right?) and headed off as fast as the big-city traffic allowed (in other words, glacial—Sign #2).

When I arrived at the training center, the weather was clear with light crosswinds, forecasted to get gusty later. I checked in, was handed the “can” of the required docs, keys, fuel strainer, etc., and was pointed vaguely toward a line of aircraft. I happily marched out to the flight line, hopped into the Archer that was parked in the spot where my assigned Archer was “always” parked and started the cockpit part of the pre-flight. I plugged in my headset, hit the Master Switch to make a quick check of the fuel gauges to see if I needed to order fuel, and got out the docs in the can to check the Tach and Hobbs times.

“Hmm,” I pondered. The Archer’s times were not even within the same galaxy as the figures on the can’s docs. While my brain was absorbing this discrepancy, my eyes caught the motion of a lineman coming to my left window. “Sir, you’re in the wrong aircraft,” he politely said with just a hint of “you, dumb bunny” in his voice. Yes, it was true. I had placed my carcass on (actually, within) the wrong steed. (Sign #3.)

I slowly uncoiled from the “wrong” aircraft, did the walk of shame past the other pilots, maintenance folks and everyone else—all of whom I knew were looking only at me and smirking—and went looking for the “correct” aircraft. After walking all the way to the end of the flight line, I couldn’t find the darn “correct” aircraft. Not wanting to look like a complete fool, I circled around behind the line of aircraft and retraced my steps. When I had exited the “wrong” aircraft, I had turned left to go down along the flight line. I should have turned right because the “correct” aircraft was a mere 30 feet from the “wrong” aircraft. (Sign #4.)

With measured purpose and forethought, I surveyed my assigned Archer, checked its registration N-number about 20 times, and hopped in. Cockpit pre-flight completed—carefully and completely. Same for the exterior pre-flight. It’s time to start this baby up and get flying! I followed the checklist like my life depended upon it (which, in a way, it actually does, right?) and hit the starter. Wrrrr, wrrrr, wrrrr wrrrr, etc. Not catching. Okay, I tried monkeying with the mixture and throttle. Same result. Just then, the same lineman waved at me; I shut things off, and he came to my left window again. “This bird is a bit tricky to get started. So, [rapidly do this, while slowing doing that, cross your fingers, pat your head/rub your tummy, think positive thoughts],” he helpfully directed. (Sign #5.)

At long last, the motor caught, and I got going. I contacted Ground Control and told them that I wanted to stay in the pattern to do touch-and-goes. I taxied out, did my run up, and was ready to fly!

Or so I thought, because while self-detained earlier, the three flight schools at the airport had decided to disgorge their fleets simultaneously, so the taxis, runways and the controller were all suddenly busy. Down by the end of the active runway, there were about four aircraft ahead of me, waiting to take off. Again, with lots of aircraft coming and going—and don’t forget to add in the occasional meandering helicopter doing pipeline inspection—it took a while for me to be first in line.


When I was, I slowly taxied forward and contacted the tower. No response. Yes, the radios were fineI hadn’t messed them up, which would have been par for the course that day, but it wasn’t. That, I checked! I decided to wait a minute. After all, the controller was busy. So I waited a bit more before my patience gave out. Okay, I thought, I’m paying for the time, the engine is running, my bill keeps going up, and I’m going nowhere.

So I called the tower and nicely and politely restated that I was ready for departure. I was blasted immediately with an admonishment that the controller was well aware of my piddling little existence, as he was busy trying to keep jets and numerous other airborne aircraft from hitting each other and falling out of the sky, that I was safely on the ground, and he’d get to me whenever. All I could do was key the mic twice. (Sign #6.)

But then, as I was visualizing my VISA card balance climbing at best angle toward my credit limit, the controller told me that I was cleared for takeoff, to expedite it and keep the pattern close. I acknowledged and off (finally) I went into the wild, now a bit blustery, blue yonder.

Turns out that that gusty crosswind forecasted had decided to arrive a bit earlier than predicted. It forcefully made its presence felt. Just as I lifted off, a sideways gust of wind ricocheting off of a nearby hanger decided to rapidly move me laterally and yank a wing downward. Well, now, that was fun—not. Easily handled, but a darn good attention getter. I was awake before, but now I was awake! (Sign #7.)


Up, up I went and turned up-wind. The tower frequency was filled with nonstop calls to various aircraft to turn some compass direction, to contact departures, to extend their downwind, to watch for another aircraft on a 3-mile final, to be cleared as number 6 for landing, following two Cessnas, a Gulfstream, an Experimental, a Learjet, and a kite. Had I been magically transported into arrivals at LaGuardia? I turned downwind and was slowly motoring along looking out for the other aircraft that I was mentally trying to locate from the radio chatter, awaiting my call to turn base. I knew better than to call up the nice (busy) controller, so I kept motoring along, now on the world’s longest downwind.

I was getting a bit worried that I was going to hit the impenetrable big-city Class B south of the field when I was told to turn base and watch out for traffic now coming directly at me at my altitude, as the incoming bogey was about to turn final and land on the parallel runway. And, oh, by the way, they added, you are number three to land.

The term “oncoming traffic” always gets my attention, so while I was looking before, now I was seriously looking! Just to be safe, I had every nav light, beacon, strobe, taxi light, landing light and even the interior dome light on. I really wanted to be seen. I kept looking for the impending head-on collision, but apparently they had turned at the right time.

Then, my attention turned to the other two aircraft ahead of me on final, so I could be sure of my positioning. I have enough experience to know about where the other aircraft should be located, but I swear both of the other two aircraft were visual stealth fighters—absolutely invisible. I finally broke down and called up the controller to say (swallow pride here) that I did not have the other two aircraft in sight. The controller came back immediately (did I detect exasperation in his voice?) that one aircraft was on the ground already and the other one was about 1 mile out. I strained to find that missing aircraft and could not do so. (Sign #8.)

Turns out that the gusty crosswind forecasted had decided to arrive a bit earlier than predicted. It forcefully made its presence felt.

Then I thought it. “That’s it—enough’s enough!” is what I thought. “I’m not about to have folks read about my “pilot error” in an NTSB accident report. I’m in the middle of a beehive of aircraft. I can’t detect a @#$% aircraft right where it’s supposed to be. And I have been presented with more “signs” than the Department of Transportation has in its annual procurement plans.”

I told the controller to cancel the touch and go and that this was going to be a full stop. (Did I hear pleasure in his voice when he acknowledged?) I made a darn good crosswind landing (always nice to go out on a high note), taxied off, parked and shut down.

I walked into the training center and was greeted with puzzled looks of: Why are you back so soon? I told the old chief pilot, a great guy, that today just wasn’t my day. He gave me an approving and knowledgeable smile.

I had really wanted to go flying, but the truth is, I didn’t need to go flying. In some strange way, it became more and more apparent that I needed to call it a day. I have flown many times since then, at the same airport, at times just as gusty and busy, and have been just fine. But on that one day, it was not to be. As the Athenian orator and statesman Demosthenes said in 338 BC (though probably not about Piper Archers), “He who fights and runs away will live to fight [and fly] another day.”

Just The Facts News Roundup For The Week Of September 7, 2020

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california national guard rescues 200 - Just The Facts News Roundup For The Week Of September 7, 2020

The western wildfires, which continue to expand at a rapid pace, are the biggest story, period, and this on a week when there was a new plane certification, news of a future supersonic Air Force One, a Midwest airshow that’s actually going to happen and much more in our weekly news roundup. 

The wildfires rampaging through a half-dozen western states are far from over. As of Friday, September 11, there are 26 major fires and nearly 15,000 firefighters working heroically to… forget extinguish them, to stop the rate at which they’re spreading. Among those putting their lives on the line are many hundreds of pilots and support crewmembers of firefighting aircraft.

Helicopters of the California National Guard rescued 200 stranded campers from a campground in California’s Sierra Nevadas. The pilots of Blackhawk and Chinook helicopters were forced to use night vision goggles to battle the dark night and dense smoke.

An Air Spray Lockheed Electra’s wing hit tree tops when its crew momentarily lost sight of terrain during a fire retardant drop run. The crew then made a second run before returning to the airport for a closer look at the damage.

Today marks the 19th anniversary of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, when terrorists commandeered four aircraft that they used to attack United States targets, including the Pentagon and both towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. Thousands were killed, including hundreds of first responders, and for more than a week the skies were devoid of civilian aircraft. We think of all of those who made the ultimate sacrifice that day.

The Air Force, which has been home to supersonic planes since 1946, thinks it’s high time to get Air Force One up to Mach speeds. This week the USAF pegged Boom Supersonic to work on a design for a possible future Air Force One and other high-level executive government transport.

The Inspector General had issues with BasicMed, the FAA’s less rigorous medical certification route for pilots of light planes. In part, the office thought the FAA needed to get its act together on keeping track of which doctors were eligible to do the exams, among other bookkeeping kinds of concerns. The FAA said it was already on it.

Diamond Aircraft announced it had earned EASA approval for its sleek and roomy Diamond DA50 RG, a retractable gear five-seat diesel powered single. The plane boasts excellent fuel efficiency and decent cruise speed numbers, as well.


With Sturgis, South Dakota, and the National Football League going forward with live attended events, aviation was bound to follow, and we have. The Midwest LSA Expo, which takes place in Mount Vernon, Illinois, is underway as we speak.

AOPA and a handful of other aviation organizations have requested that the FAA extend the grace period for pilots to get certain certifications up to date, citing the coronavirus pandemic for the request. The FAA has already allowed two such extensions, and it is likely, insiders believe, that it will once again extend the grace period.

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

Plane & Pilot Photo Of The Week: Heroes In Action

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heroes in action - Plane & Pilot Photo Of The Week: Heroes In Action

This week’s photo of the week was a no-brainer. It shows the dramatic arrival of a California Air National Guard Sikorsky Blackhawk helicopter at a campground in the Sierra Nevada Mountains that had quickly gotten surrounded by fast-moving wildfires. Campers were getting into the reservoir at the campground to escape flame and smoke, and one woman trapped there said at one point she wasn’t sure if she was going to drown or burn to death. Thanks to the heroic actions of these helicopter pilots, who some are saying defied directions to turn back, everyone was rescued and flown to safety. That’s what being a hero is. Putting your life on the line to help others, or, in some cases, as is true here, to actually save their lives.

Heroes: Remarkable Video And Still Images As Cal National Guard Rescues 200

Categories: How to Become a Pilot

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