Tag: Aeronautics

The Pilot’s Manual: Ground School: All the aeronautical knowledge required to pass the FAA exams and operate as a Private and Commercial Pilot (The Pilot’s Manual Series)

No Comments
The Pilot's Manual: Ground School: All the aeronautical knowledge required to pass the FAA exams and operate as a Private and Commercial Pilot (The Pilot's Manual Series)

You couldn't ask for a much more total textbook on the best ways to run basic air travel aircrafts in the United . The Pilot's Manual: Ground School walks trainees through all the understanding should pass both the Private as well as Commercial FAA Knowledge Exams. The Fourth Edition has been updated to reflect existing rules, treatments, and also the FAA's locations of emphasis including choice making, path incursion avoidance regulations, threat administration, drone operations, as well as the FAA's new Airman Certification Standards.

The details is organized into easy-to-digest phases, as well as the text is supported with greater than 500 full-color images and also pictures. All the expertise demands are covered, consisting of aerodynamics, plane efficiency, physical aspects influencing the pilot, weather condition, guidelines, graphes as well as airspace, airport terminal operations, navigation, flight planning, and also a lot more. Helpful minimal notes are attended to fast meanings of terms, better emphasis on bottom lines, and also mnemonic devices that could be of incredible benefit to examine. Each chapter gathers testimonial concerns highlighting the crucial realities.
Read More

Aerobatics & Spin Recovery: “The Inverted Spin” 1943 US Navy Pilot Training Film

No Comments

more at:

The Inverted Spin – Intermediate Acrobatics Part VII. "Points out the difference between an accidental spin and an inverted spin; and demonstrates the procedure of executing an inverted spin."

US Navy flight training film MN-1325f.

Public domain film from the US Navy, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).


A spin is a special category of stall resulting in autorotation about the vertical axis and a shallow, rotating, downward path. Spins can be entered intentionally or unintentionally, from any flight attitude if the aircraft has sufficient yaw while at the stall point. In a normal spin, the wing on the inside of the turn is stalled while the outside wing remains flying; it is possible for both wings to be stalled but the angle of attack of each wing, and consequently its lift and drag, will be different. Either situation causes the aircraft to autorotate (yaw) toward the stalled wing due to its higher drag and loss of lift. Spins are characterized by high angle of attack, an airspeed below the stall on at least one wing and a shallow descent. Recovery may require a specific and counterintuitive set of actions in order to avoid a crash.

A spin differs from a spiral dive in which neither wing is stalled and which is characterized by a low angle of attack and high airspeed. A spiral dive is not a type of spin because neither wing is stalled. In a spiral dive, the aircraft will respond conventionally to the pilot's inputs to the flight controls and recovery from a spiral dive requires a different set of actions from those required to recover from a spin.

In the early years of flight, a spin was frequently referred to as a "tailspin"…

Entry and recovery

Some aircraft cannot be recovered from a spin using only their own flight control surfaces and must not be allowed to enter a spin under any circumstances…

Spin-entry procedures vary with the type and model of aircraft being flown but there are general procedures applicable to most aircraft. These include reducing power to idle and simultaneously raising the nose in order to induce an upright stall. Then, as the aircraft approaches stall, apply full rudder in the desired spin direction while holding full back-elevator pressure for an upright spin. Sometimes a roll input is applied in the direction opposite of the rudder (i.e., a cross-control).

If the aircraft manufacturer provides a specific procedure for spin recovery, that procedure must be used. Otherwise, to recover from an upright spin, the following generic procedure may be used: Power is first reduced to idle and the ailerons are neutralized. Then, full opposite rudder (that is, against the yaw) is added and held to counteract the spin rotation, and the elevator control is moved briskly forward to reduce the angle of attack below the critical angle. Depending on the airplane and the type of spin, the elevator action could be a minimal input before rotation ceases, or in other cases the elevator control may have to be moved to its full forward position to effect recovery from the upright spin. Once the rotation has stopped, the rudder must be neutralized and the airplane returned to level flight. This procedure is sometimes called PARE, for Power idle, Ailerons neutral, Rudder opposite the spin and held, and Elevator through neutral. The mnemonic "PARE" simply reinforces the tried-and-true NASA standard spin recovery actions—the very same actions first prescribed by NACA in 1936, verified by NASA during an intensive, decade-long spin test program overlapping the 1970s and '80s, and repeatedly recommended by the FAA and implemented by the majority of test pilots during certification spin-testing of light airplanes.

Inverted spinning and erect or upright spinning are dynamically very similar and require essentially the same recovery process but use opposite elevator control. In an upright spin, both roll and yaw are in the same direction but that an inverted spin is composed of opposing roll and yaw. It is crucial that the yaw be countered to effect recovery. The visual field in a typical spin (as opposed to a flat spin) is heavily dominated by the perception of roll over yaw, which can lead to an incorrect and dangerous conclusion that a given inverted spin is actually an erect spin in the reverse yaw direction (leading to a recovery attempt in which pro-spin rudder is mistakenly applied and then further exacerbated by holding the incorrect elevator input)…


Arctic Bush Pilot: From Navy Combat to Flying Alaska’s Northern Wilderness- A Memoir

No Comments
Arctic Bush Pilot: From Navy Combat to Flying Alaska's Northern Wilderness- A Memoir

Backed by Wien Airlines, former Navy fight pilot "Andy" Anderson spearheaded post-World War II bush solution to Alaska's huge Koyokuk River area serving miners, Natives, athletes, rock hounds, adventurers, and also diverse bush rats. He flew mining equipment, gold, live wolves and sled canines, you call it– anything needed forever in the bush. He sweated out lots of dangerous medical-emergency trips, "always in the evening and also in awful tornados." Illustrated with 50 historical photos and co-authored by among Alaska's most prominent writers, Arctic Bush Pilot is an amazing and often sentimental account of a leader pilot as well as his special area in Alaska aviation history.

Skyfaring: A Journey with a Pilot

No Comments
Skyfaring: A Journey with a Pilot

A poetic and nuanced exploration of the human experience of trip that advises us of the complete imaginative weight of our most ordinary trips– as well as reawakens our capacity to be amazed.

The 21st century has delegated airplane flight– an as soon as exceptional task of human resourcefulness– to the world of the mundane. Mark Vanhoenacker, a 747 pilot who left academic community as well as a career in business globe to seek his childhood years desire for trip, asks us to reimagine what we– both as pilots and as travelers– are in fact doing when we go into the globe between separation and discovery. In a smooth combination of background, national politics, location, meteorology, ecology, family, as well as physics, Vanhoenacker vaults throughout geographical and also cultural boundaries; above hills, oceans, and also deserts; through snow, wind, and rain, restoring an at the same time humbling and also practically superhuman task that affords us unrivaled perspectives on the planet we populate and the neighborhoods we form.

The Map of My Dead Pilots: The Dangerous Game of Flying in Alaska

No Comments

Fatal Airplane Crashes: “Flight Deck” circa 1950 CAA USWB Pilot Training 14min

No Comments
Fatal Airplane Crashes: "Flight Deck" circa 1950 CAA USWB Pilot Training 14min

more at

Pilot training film from the Civil Aeronautics Administration.

NEW VERSION with improved video & sound:

Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archive, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).

An aviation accident is defined by the Convention on International Civil Aviation Annex 13 as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all such persons have disembarked, in which a person is fatally or seriously injured, the aircraft sustains damage or structural failure or the aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible.

The first fatal aviation accident occurred in a Wright Model A aircraft at Fort Myer, Virginia, USA, on September 17, 1908, resulting in injury to the pilot, Orville Wright and death of the passenger, Signal Corps Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge.

An aviation incident is defined as an occurrence, other than an accident, associated with the operation of an aircraft that affects or could affect the safety of operations.

An accident in which the damage to the aircraft is such that it must be written off, or in which the plane is destroyed is called a hull loss accident…

In meteorology and aviation, TAF is a format for reporting weather forecast information, particularly as it relates to aviation. "TAF" is an acronym of terminal aerodrome forecast or, in some countries, terminal area forecast. TAFs apply to a five statute mile radius from the center of the airport runway complex. Generally, TAFs can apply to a 9- or 12-hour forecast; some TAFs cover an 18- or 24-hour period; and as of November 5, 2008, TAFs for some major airports cover 30-hour periods. The date/time group reflects the new 30 hour period in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), as always.

TAFs complement and use similar encoding to METAR reports. They are produced by a human forecaster based on the ground. For this reason there are fewer TAF locations than there are METARs. TAFs can be more accurate than Numerical Weather Forecasts, since they take into account local, small-scale, geographic effects.

In the United States the weather forecaster responsible for a TAF is not usually stationed at the location to which the TAF applies. The forecasters usually work from a centralised location responsible for many TAFs in a state or region, many of which are over one hundred miles from the forecaster's location. In contrast, a TTF (Trend Type Forecast), which is similar to a TAF, is always produced by a person on-site where the TTF applies. In the United Kingdom most TAFs at military airfields are produced locally, however TAFs for civil airfields are produced at the Met Office headquarters in Exeter.

The United States Air Force employs active duty enlisted personnel as TAF writers. Air Force weather personnel are responsible for providing weather support for all Air Force and Army operations.

Different countries use different change criteria for their weather groups. In the United Kingdom, TAFs for military airfields use Colour States as one of the change criteria. Civil airfields in the UK use slightly different criteria…

In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Act transferred federal responsibilities for non-military aviation from the Bureau of Air Commerce to a new, independent agency, the Civil Aeronautics Authority. The legislation also gave the authority the power to regulate airline fares and to determine the routes that air carriers would serve.

In 1940, President Franklin Roosevelt split the authority into two agencies, the Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) and the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB). The CAA was responsible for air traffic control, safety programs, and airway development. The CAB was entrusted with safety rulemaking, accident investigation, and economic regulation of the airlines…

After World War II began in Europe, the CAA launched the Civilian Pilot Training Program to provide the nation with more aviators…

The approaching era of jet travel, and a series of midair collisions, prompted passage of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958. This legislation gave the CAA's functions to a new independent body, the Federal Aviation Agency…


The Complete Private Pilot (The Complete Pilot series)

No Comments
The Complete Private Pilot (The Complete Pilot series)

Prospective pilots are offered a thorough understanding of flying fundamentals as well as the aeronautical knowledge needed to earn a private-pilot certificate in this guide to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Knowledge Exams. Topics such as basic aerodynamics, flight instruments, communication procedures, and weather are discussed and augmented with checklists, mnemonic devices, specific tips, and special learning techniques that help students quickly grasp the information, pass the required tests and checkrides, and have an operational and practical understanding of the private-pilot certificate. Each chapter concludes with sample questions taken directly from FAA exams.

The Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Fifth Edition

No Comments
The Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Fifth Edition

One of the most relied on resource of complete pilot information– completely changed and also upgraded!

An excellent aviator is always discovering. That's why The Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Fifth Edition, is such an important resource. This successful overview covers all the important info a pilot needs to end up being more well-informed– from terminology, navigating, airport terminal and airspace procedures to radio interactions, unexpected emergency treatments, trip preparing, weather condition, and much more. At the same time, it strikes a balance of being both concise and thorough in a streamlined, to-the-point style– while retaining the honesty and extent of the original product.
Read More

General Aviation Law 3/E

No Comments
General Aviation Law 3/E

Current insight on legal problems impacting any individual involved in basic aeronautics

Totally changed throughout, General Aviation Law, Third Edition, is a crucial lawful guide for those that operate in aeronautics, including technicians, aviators, plane proprietors, and also aviation business owners. This practical reference answers all inquiries concerning aviation regulation in understandable nonprofessional's terms.
Read More

The Killing Zone, Second Edition: How & Why Pilots Die

No Comments
%d bloggers like this: