Tag: navigation

Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (Federal Aviation Administration)

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Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (Federal Aviation Administration)

$5.00 cheaper than any editions currently on the marketplace.
Includes brand-new, updated information from the FAA.
As of 2015, there were 120,546 pupils researching to be pilots as well as 600,000 active pilots.
As of 2015, there were 100,993 licensed trips instructors (CFIs).
All qualified pilots must pass the FAA Knowledge Exam and Practical Test. This book is authored by the developer of that test partly in order to help keeping that examination, making this called for analysis for pilots in training and teachers.

VOR Flying a Couse – Private Pilot – Lesson 13b

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First Solo Flight – Cessna C150 – Private Pilot License

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Private Pilot Tutorial 15: Navigation (Part 4 of 4)

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Are you passionate about flying, but think that becoming a pilot is just a pipedream? The dream is closer than you think! The Pilot Training System curriculum can help you start down the path to your Pilot License for FREE! Log on to to take free quizzes and practice exams and access more training videos, news, aviation forums and advanced simulation tools.

Private Pilot Tutorial 15: Navigation (Part 3 of 4)

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Are you passionate about flying, but think that becoming a pilot is just a pipedream? The dream is closer than you think! The Pilot Training System curriculum can help you start down the path to your Pilot License for FREE! Log on to to take free quizzes and practice exams and access more training videos, news, aviation forums and advanced simulation tools.

Private Pilot Flight Training, Lesson #19: Instrument (IFR) & VOR Navigation

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Tuesday, September 16th, 2014 @ 08:00 EDT

Working towards obtaining my private pilot license.
This is my nineteenth training lesson flight (1.3 Hobbs Hour Today, 21.9 Total Hours) with 424 Aviation Inc, in Miami, FL.
My certified flight instructor (CFI) is Joe Ferrera. The airplane used was a Cessna 172R, with tail number N994WW, out of Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport (KTMB).

Today's lesson involved:

– Instrument (IFR) Flying (under the hood)
– VOR Navigation
– Short-Field Take-off (simulated)
– Soft-Field Landing (simulated)

*** THIS IS THE RAW FOOTAGE. I have only edited out the pre-flight check. ***
I've left the video untouch so that it can be played in sync with the GPS Track replay that can be found at Gps4Sport.com.
The link is provide further below.

To view a 3D Replay of the GPS Ground Track synchronized to this video, go to:

Time Marks:
————————————-

* Note: I've removed all the pre-flight checklists since that's always the same.

(Click on any of the times below to jump to that particular section of the video)

00:31 – Departure ATIS Information
01:49 – Taxiing to Spot 2
03:05 – TG Comm – Taxi to Runway 9L
03:28 – Taxiing to Runway 9L
08:09 – Engine Run-up Checklist
13:23 – TT Comm – Hold short runway 9L
15:57 – TT Comm – Cleared for take-off
16:21 – Short-Field Take-off
21:34 – My Point of View of wearing hood
45:41 – VOR Navigation
55:51 – Approach AITS Informaiton
1:00:24 – TT Comm – Inbound for full stop landing
1:00:46 – TT Comm – Cleared to land runway 9L
1:06:39 – Soft-Field Landing
1:07:19 – TT Comm – Contact Ground
1:08:34 – TG Comm – Taxi to Spot 2
1:08:54 – Taxiing to Spot 2

Private Pilot Tutorial 15: Navigation (Part 2 of 4)

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Are you passionate about flying, but think that becoming a pilot is just a pipedream? The dream is closer than you think! The Pilot Training System curriculum can help you start down the path to your Pilot License for FREE! Log on to to take free quizzes and practice exams and access more training videos, news, aviation forums and advanced simulation tools.

Microwave Landing Systems – FAA video Private/Instrument/Commercial Pilot training 1974

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This is an FAA video and is the work product of the US Government and, as such, carries no copyright and is free for use. This video covers pilot training on the subject of wake turbulence. I believe it is from 1974.
I have a lot of FAA videos to upload, I estimate around 30, and will be converting them and uploading over the next few weeks. Please subscribe to stay informed of new uploads.
Thank you

Area Navigation – FAA video Private/Instrument/Commercial Pilot training 1974

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This is an FAA video and is the work product of the US Government and, as such, carries no copyright and is free for use. This video covers pilot training on the subject of wake turbulence. I believe it is from 1974.
I have a lot of FAA videos to upload, I estimate around 30, and will be converting them and uploading over the next few weeks. Please subscribe to stay informed of new uploads.
Thank you

Aerial Navigation: Maps and the Compass 1941 US Army Pilot Training Film; Signal Corps

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more at

US Army Training Film TF-1245

Public domain film from NASA, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization.

There is a broadband hum in the vocal frequencies of this film which I cannot completely remove.

The basic principles of air navigation are identical to general navigation, which includes the process of planning, recording, and controlling the movement of a craft from one place to another.

Successful air navigation involves piloting an aircraft from place to place without getting lost, breaking the laws applying to aircraft, or endangering the safety of those on board or on the ground. Air navigation differs from the navigation of surface craft in several ways: Aircraft travel at relatively high speeds, leaving less time to calculate their position en route. Aircraft normally cannot stop in mid-air to ascertain their position at leisure. Aircraft are safety-limited by the amount of fuel they can carry; a surface vehicle can usually get lost, run out of fuel, then simply await rescue. There is no in-flight rescue for most aircraft. Additionally, collisions with obstructions are usually fatal. Therefore, constant awareness of position is critical for aircraft pilots.

The techniques used for navigation in the air will depend on whether the aircraft is flying under visual flight rules (VFR) or instrument flight rules (IFR). In the latter case, the pilot will navigate exclusively using instruments and radio navigation aids such as beacons, or as directed under radar control by air traffic control…

Route planning

The first step in navigation is deciding where one wishes to go. A private pilot planning a flight under VFR will usually use an aeronautical chart of the area which is published specifically for the use of pilots. This map will depict controlled airspace, radio navigation aids and airfields prominently, as well as hazards to flying such as mountains, tall radio masts, etc. It also includes sufficient ground detail – towns, roads, wooded areas – to aid visual navigation. In the UK, the CAA publishes a series of maps covering the whole of the UK at various scales, updated annually. The information is also updated in the notices to airmen, or NOTAMs.

The pilot will choose a route, taking care to avoid controlled airspace that is not permitted for the flight, restricted areas, danger areas and so on. The chosen route is plotted on the map, and the lines drawn are called the track. The aim of all subsequent navigation is to follow the chosen track as accurately as possible. Occasionally, the pilot may elect on one leg to follow a clearly visible feature on the ground such as a railway track, river, highway, or coast.

When an aircraft is in flight, it is moving relative to the body of air through which it is flying; therefore maintaining an accurate ground track is not as easy as it might appear, unless there is no wind at all — a very rare occurrence. The pilot must adjust heading to compensate for the wind, in order to follow the ground track. Initially the pilot will calculate headings to fly for each leg of the trip prior to departure, using the forecast wind directions and speeds supplied by the meteorological authorities for the purpose… A general aviation (GA) pilot will often make use of either the E6B flight computer – a type of slide rule – or a purpose-designed electronic navigational computer to calculate initial headings.

The primary instrument of navigation is the magnetic compass. The needle or card aligns itself to magnetic north, which does not coincide with true north, so the pilot must also allow for this, called the magnetic variation (or declination). The variation that applies locally is also shown on the flight map. Once the pilot has calculated the actual headings required, the next step is to calculate the flight times for each leg. This is necessary to perform accurate dead reckoning…

The flight time will depend on both the desired cruising speed of the aircraft, and the wind – a tailwind will shorten flight times, a headwind will increase them. The E6B has scales to help pilots compute these easily.

The point of no return, sometimes referred to as the PNR, is the point on a flight at which a plane has just enough fuel, plus any mandatory reserve, to return to the airfield from which it departed… Similarly, the Equal time point, referred to as the ETP (also Critical point(CP)), is the point in the flight where it would take the same time to continue flying straight, or track back to the departure aerodrome…

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQrGbz1dczY

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