Tag: Helicopters

USAF CV-22 Osprey Stranded For A Month In Norway After Emergency Landing In Nature Reserve

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USAF CV-22 Osprey Stranded For A Month In Norway After Emergency Landing In Nature Reserve
The CV-22 stuck at the Stongodden get on the island of Senja, Norway.( Photo: Norwegian Armed Forces)The Norwegian Armed Forces and also the U.S. Air Force are still servicing a strategy to recuperate the airplane without harming the wild animals in the Stongodden book. A CV-22B Osprey tiltrotor airplane, coming from RAF Mildenhall’s 352nd Special Operations Wing, has actually been stranded for a month in the Norwegian wild after an emergency situation touchdown on Aug. 12, 2022. The airplane experienced a”difficult clutch involvement “, which motivated the staff to instantly land as component of the emergency situation list. The Osprey is still stuck at the Stongodden nature book on the island of Senja as authorities are functioning on a strategy to recuperate it.

According to the Air Force Special Operations Command, the CV-22, appointed to the 7th Special Operations Squadron, was associated with a training workout when the emergency situation took place. No person was wounded after the regulated emergency situation touchdown. The event was the 2nd tough clutch involvement in 6 weeks, and also the command for that reason bought a safety and security stand-down of its 52 Ospreys.

Difficult clutch involvement takes place when the clutch attaching the prop’s transmission to its engine slides as well as the Osprey transfers the power lots from that engine to the various other one, permitting it to maintain flying in case of an engine failing, and afterwards the power lots in moved back to the initial engine as its clutch involves once again. The big transfer of torque in between both engines within a period of nanoseconds tosses the airplane off equilibrium.

AFSOC is examining whether it is a mechanical, layout or software application issue triggering these difficult clutch involvements. “We definitely owe the air staff info regarding why this is occurring as well as just how we’re mosting likely to minimize it,” stated AFSOC public events supervisor Lt. Col. Becky Heyse. “Because we do not have that currently, Gen. Slife [AFSOC Commander ndr.] really did not really feel comfy flying them.” The stand-down has actually been raised previously this month.

Fifteen clutch breakdowns have actually been reported over the previous years, consisting of 4 airborne Force as well as 11 in the Marine Corps. “Those big, short-term torque spikes surpass the restrictions of the engines and also the transmissions,” stated Lt. Gen. Slife. “Each one of them leads to a ‘Christmas tree’ of care lights in the cabin as well as some quite squirrely trip control inputs.” These breakdowns have actually typically resulted in the substitute of transmission as well as engines, which certified them as Class An incidents.

Another sight of the CV-22 on the island of Senja. (Photo: Norwegian Armed Forces)

In the meanwhile, AFSOC presented trip constraints to attempt to restrict circumstances that might trigger difficult clutch interactions, like briefly stopping prior to strangling as much as complete power throughout departure as well as choosing to execute roiling departures from paths rather than upright launches. These constraints need to lower the stress and anxiety on the engines as well as restriction torque spikes.

AFSOC wishes to explore the aspects shared by each breakdown and also get rid of as lots of as feasible. For a circumstances, mostly all of the events entailed Ospreys with transmissions that have actually been flown for a comparable variety of trip hrs. “We’ve all comprehended that this is a real mechanical trouble. What has avoided us is the source– why is the clutch insinuating the top place?” claimed Lt. Gen. Slife. “My sight is, we might not comprehend why it’s taking place, yet we definitely recognize what is taking place.”

The Norwegian Armed Forces dealt with the regional environmental management workplace to prepare the healing of the Osprey from the nature get, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force. Lt. Col. Eivind Byre, a representative for Norway’s armed forces, stated to journalism that they intend to release the procedure today. The suggested strategy is claimed to be unbelievably made complex and also something neither the Norwegian neither the Americans have actually done prior to.

The strategy includes the development of a little wood roadway that will certainly shield at risk wild animals at the book without ruining the surface while the airplane is relocated better to coast. As soon as there, a crane-equipped watercraft will certainly obtain as near to the Osprey as feasible, without running stranded in superficial water, and also select it up. A jetty and also a ramp will certainly likewise be constructed to produce problems positive for an access by sea.

Dismantling the CV-22 has actually been eliminated because of problems of the airplane ending up being out of balance and also toppling over. Raising it on the watercraft is not a simple job, as in the present problems the Osprey evaluates concerning 20 tonnes as well as, due to the really superficial waters, a 70-metre-long crane arm is being utilized. The weather condition presents a lot more restrictions, as there can not be waves greater than 0.3 meters high or winds of greater than 7 meters per secondly.

The healing procedure which shows up to have actually begun on Sept. 14, is anticipated to last concerning a couple of weeks. Meantime, a 200 meters-wide army area has actually been developed around the device, with Norwegian Armed Forces and also U.S. Air Force workers securing the location.

About Stefano D’Urso Stefano D’Urso is a self-employed reporter and also factor to TheAviationist based in Lecce, Italy. A grad in Industral Engineering he’s likewise examining to attain a Master Degree in Aerospace Engineering. Digital Warfare, Loitering Munitions as well as OSINT strategies related to the globe of existing disputes and also armed forces procedures are amongst his locations of experience.

United States Approves UH-60M Black Hawk Helicopters Sale To Australia

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United States Approves UH-60M Black Hawk Helicopters Sale To Australia
Soldiers from 1st Special Forces Group(Airborne), conduct Fast Rope Insertion/Extraction (FRIES )training out of a UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter, appointed to 2-158 Assault Helicopter Battalion, 16th Combat Aviation Brigade at Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Wash., Aug. 18, 2022.(U.S. Army picture by Sgt. Ashunteia

‘Smith, 16th Combat Aviation Brigade) The Black Hawks will certainly change the distressed MRH90 Taipan helicopters, which have actually been retired 10 years in advance of strategies. The United States Defense Security Cooperation Agency(DSCA) informed the Congress on Aug. 25, 2022, that the State Department accepted the Foreign Military Sale (FMS) to Australia for 40 UH-60M Black Hawk helicopters and also relevant devices for an approximated price of 1.95 B USD. The UH-60Ms will certainly change the MRH90 Taipan helicopters that the Australian Defence Force determined to retire in 2014, a years earlier than initially arranged.

As we currently reported, this circumstance is rather interested, as the Taipan was meant to change the S-70A-9 Black Hawks that the nation gotten in the 1980s as well as it will certainly currently be changed itself by various other, freshly developed Black Hawks. The MRH90 Taipan is presently made use of by the Australian Army as its energy helicopter, consisting of assistance to Special Operations, as well as gives a maritime assistance ability for the Royal Australian Navy.

“Taipan has actually been a job of problem for the last years, it’s had 9 circumstances where it’s disagreed to fly,” Defence Minister Peter Dutton stated on Dec. 10, 2021. “I’m simply not mosting likely to place our individuals because placement, we desire the very best tools for them, and also the Black Hawk plainly is mosting likely to offer that end result. Standing up to 40 of them will, I believe, send out an extremely clear message to our companions and also to our opponents that the Australian Defence Force is significant regarding safeguarding Australia as well as ensuring that we can make a considerable payment when we’re gotten in touch with.”

Amongst the tools asked for by the federal government of Australia to outfit the helicopters there are extra T700-GE 701D engines, AN/AAR -57 Counter Missile Warning Systems, Embedded Global Position Systems with Inertial Navigation (EGI) as well as Country Unique Selective Availability Anti-spoofing Module, Improved Heads Up Display (IHUD), MX-10D EO/IR with Laser Designator, Ballistic Armor Protection Systems (BAPS), Internal Auxiliary Fuel Tank Systems (IAFTS), Fast Rope Insertion Extraction System (FRIES), External Rescue Hoist (ERH), Dual Patient Litter System (DPLS) Sets, External Stores Support System (ESSS).

The kind of tools asked for is likewise according to the requirements of the 6th Aviation Regiment based at Holsworthy in Sydney, which supplies air wheelchair for the Australian Army Special Operations Command. The device got its very first MRH90s in 2019 to change its Black Hawks from mid-2020, nonetheless the Taipan has actually supposedly likewise confirmed to be improper for the unique pressures sustain duty in which 6Avn specialises, as well as the older Black Hawks needed to be maintained in solution, postponing their retired life till a minimum of completion of 2021. Currently it will certainly obtain the brand-new UH-60M with committed equipment for their guided unique procedures entrusting.

Australian Army soldiers of the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment deplane from a 5th Aviation Regiment MRH90 Taipan throughout Exercise Hamel 2014 at the Tolga Turf Club near Atherton, Queensland.( Photo: Australian Army)”The suggested sale will certainly change Australia’s existing multi-role helicopter fleet with an extra tested as well as reputable system that will certainly enable

Australia to keep the suitable degree of preparedness to perform mixed procedures,” states the DSCA notification.” The UH-60M Black Hawk helicopter will certainly enhance the Australian Army’s capacity to release fight power to share Australia’s tactical atmosphere, hinder activities versus its passions, and also, when called for, react with trustworthy pressure. Australia will certainly have no trouble absorbing this tools right into its militaries.”It appears that additionally the DSCA notification is tossing a little stab at the MRH90, claiming that the UH-90 is extra tested as well as trustworthy. The Army as well as the Navy had 41 and also 6 Taipans in solution, specifically

, as well as, in spite of army, variety, as well as rate ability efficiency benefits over the Black Hawk, have actually been tormented with bad schedule as well as fleet-wide groundings because of an absence of spares as well as setup monitoring concerns. The MRH90 Taipan, called after a harmful poisonous serpent, is an Australian-specific by-product of the NH90 TTH, created in Europe by the international NHIndustries business, which consists of Airbus Helicopters, Leonardo, as well as GKN Fokker. NH90s have actually been purchased in several land-based and also marine variations by 14 various nations with greater than 446 helicopters supplied. The Army obtained 41 MRH 90s under Project AIR 9000 Phases 2 as well as 4 as well as got in solution in 2008, while 6 were gotten for the Navy under AIR 9000 Phase 6 as well as went into solution in 2010. In October 2021 the United States accepted a$1.3 billion offer for an added set of 12 MH-60R Romeo Seahawks for the Navy to change its MRH 90s as well as to enhance the 23 Romeos currently in solution. The Taipan is the 2nd European helicopter being junked by the Australian Defence Forces, after the AH-64E Apache Guardian was picked as the brand-new armed reconnaissance helicopter previously this year to change the Tiger ARH fleet under the Land 4503 program. The offer, approximated to be worth 4-5 USD billion, will certainly acquire 29 helicopters, with 24 to be based at a solitary place with 2

functional armadas and also the various other 5 for training at the Australian Army Aviation Training Centre. About Stefano D’Urso Stefano D’Urso is a self-employed reporter and also factor to TheAviationist based in Lecce, Italy. A grad in Industral Engineering he’s likewise examining to accomplish a Master Degree in Aerospace Engineering.

Digital Warfare, Loitering
Munitions and also OSINT strategies put on the globe of present problems as well as army procedures are amongst his locations of proficiency.

Whatever You Need To Know About The Innovative AW609 Tiltrotor Aircraft

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Whatever You Need To Know About The Innovative AW609 Tiltrotor Aircraft
The Leonardo AW609 throughout the trip screen at Jesolo Airshow, Italy, on Aug. 28, 2022. (All photos: Alessandro Fucito/ The Aviationist)The Leonardo AW609 made a public look throughout a current airshow in Italy. While it prepares to be accredited as the globe’s initial business tiltrotor airplane,

it can additionally be set up for many various other applications, consisting of Homeland Security, VIP, Utility, Special Operations, Naval as well as Personnel Recovery. After a two-year delay, Jesolo Air Show returned with its 2022 version on Aug. 27 as well as 28. The program included 17 various screens, that consisted of Italian Air Force possessions, the French Air Force Rafale Solo Display and also the Leonardo AW609 tiltrotor. The last, particularly, went to its launching throughout an airshow in Italy. The screen of the AW609 attracted fantastic passion amongst the general public as well as the authorities, as they had the ability to see at work

among one of the most innovative tasks of the Italian helicopter maker, which seals its setting in this industry. The AW609 is presently thought about, as a matter of fact, among one of the most substantial technical technologies in the international aeronautics market and also may lead the way for a massive diffusion of the tiltrotor systems. L’ #AW 609 di #Leonardo fa il suo ingresso al #Jesolo Air Show: è un aeromobile progettato e costruito per ottenere una sintesi efficace tra la

benefits of both helicopters as well as set wing airplane. The outcome is provided by the proprotor nacelles that can be oriented up and down to fly in helicopter setup and also immediately turned onward, once the best rate is gotten to, to transform to a set wing setting in around 40 secs. This conversion procedure transfers the lift from the blades to the wing, without abrupt adjustments in elevation or trip qualities as it happens within an optimum conversion”hallway “immediately handled by onboard computer systems. N609PH throughout the screen at Jesolo. The AW609’s airframe is totally made from modern-day composite products, with a take-off weight of around 8 tonnes. It is powered by 2 Pratt & Whitney PT6C-67A engines, that enables the tiltrotor to fly at over 275 knots and also an elevation of 25,000 feet, with a 1000 nm optimum variety that can be enhanced with supporting storage tanks, all while moving as much as 9 travelers

plus pilot as well as co-pilot.

The AW609 is made for trip right into well-known topping problems and also fulfills the highest possible FAA needs for both fixed-wing airplane as well as helicopters consisting of single-engine procedure and also autorotation. The AW609’s significant systems are repetitive to guarantee smooth procedure in situation of failing, consisting of a three-way electronic fly-by-wire (FBW)trip control system which supplies exceptional manoeuvrability. The cabin is furnished with an innovative Collins Aerospace Fusion avionics with 3 fluid crystal touch displays, which are completely Night-Vision Goggle(NVG)suitable.”What you have with the AW609 is the advantages of both setups: path self-reliance as well as upright ability to move of a helicopter in addition to the variety, rate as well as elevation efficiency generally discovered in turboprop airplane”informed us William Sunick Jr, Senior Manager, AW609 Marketing at Leonardo Helicopters. “This airplane has a ceiling elevation of 25,000 feet as well as it’s pressurized unlike mostly all the rotorcraft, indicating that it can fly greater and also further, in much less rough air, stay clear of hills as well as challenges, minimizing gas intake of the engines: so it has rate, variety, elevation and also gas benefits over the typical helicopters. ” A profile of the AW609. Leonardo is presently establishing arrangements for various uses the AW609 tiltrotor. The one-of-a-kind efficiencies are suitable in guest transportation goals, offshore transportation on behalf of the power supply market, monitoring as well as patrol, search as well as rescue, clinical transportation, catastrophe alleviation, unique procedures as well as federal government jobs. In time-critical circumstances the tiltrotor’s efficiency significantly boosts feedback times and also protection location throughout Search as well as Rescue(SAR)and also Emergency Medical Services(EMS) goals. In these duties, the AW609’s large cabin door and also 600 pound hoist can conveniently take care of a rescue basket, while 2 cots can

be swiftly filled for the people. As much as 4 paramedics can supply undisturbed healthcare for a person in a completely clinically furnished cabin. While originally created as a business airplane, the AW609 will certainly have a fascinating advancement for armed forces objectives where the rate of treatment and also the capacity to land and also remove in restricted rooms are called for. The key abilities that are being checked out see the airplane set up for countless applications such as Homeland Security, VIP, Utility, Special Operations and also Personnel Recovery. Time that i see the”Security Service”variation of AW609 tiltrotor on Leonardo web site. A militarized variation of AW609 has actually been long discussed, and now have actually been included. Leonardo reports jobs in addition to for homeland safety and security, however likewise for SoF procedures and also personel healing. pic.twitter.com/1Y2XAMpSMz– Ciro Nappi(

@CiroNappi6)August 28, 2022 The capability to run even more at 500 kilometres offshore includes maritime as well as boundary patrol, long-range security, anti-piracy, nationwide waters security, fisheries manage and also long-range maritime SAR to the wide variety of safety and security duties fit to AW609. In the last instance, the tiltrotor rate and also variety would certainly enable these goals to be executed with simply one airplane kind, without needing to depend on several airplane,

The New AW249 Attack Helicopter Flies For The First Time

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The New AW249 Attack Helicopter Flies For The First Time
The AW249 NEES

throughout its initial trip on August 12, 2022.(Reader’s entry )The helicopter will certainly change the AH-129D Mangusta in solution with the Italian Army. The very first model of the Leonardo AW249 next-generation assault helicopter flew for the very first time on August 12, 2022, from the firm’s plant in Vergiate. The helicopter, officially marked as AW249 NEES( Nuovo Elicottero da Esplorazione e Scorta/ New Exploration and also Escort Helicopter), will certainly change the AW129 Mangusta, which has actually remained in solution with the Italian Army given that the 1990s as well as updated throughout the years up until the present AH-129D variation. The helicopter flew with simply its guide paint and also the speculative serial CSX82069. On the body and also tail boom we can see some lines developed with red and also grey tape, with the last perhaps being utilized to affix stress sensing units externally to keep track of the anxiety on the airframe throughout the trip. The helicopter has actually currently been furnished with the TM197B 20 mm cannon and also the Rafael Toplite targeting system acquired from the Mangusta.

Leonardo has actually been dealing with the job because 2017, when the Italian Ministry of Defence started the NEES program, that includes one model, 3 pre-serial manufacturing helicopters and also a demand for as much as 48 functional helicopters. While at Farnborough air program, Stefano Villanti, elderly vice-president of sales at Leonardo Helicopters, claimed growth of the AW249 has actually been “proceeding like clockwork” versus the Italian Army’s timeline. The Army prepares to retire the AH-129 from 2025.

“The AW249 satisfies arising needs for a most recent generation fight helicopter to run in a swiftly developing battlespace over the following 30 years”, according to the maker’s web site. “The just brand-new battle helicopter presently in style, it will certainly integrate innovative modern technologies, superior efficiency as well as high survivability, along with reduced operating expense.”

As we simply stated, the AW249 will certainly be customized to the future battlespace. In order to adjust to the swiftly progressing circumstances, the helicopter will certainly fuse open systems style to permit fast upgrades as well as development capacities, advanced interactions as well as a sophisticated battlespace administration system. Since of the boosting requirement to group with various other systems in network-centric procedures, the AW249 will certainly include manned-unmanned teaming (MUM-T) capacities.

The interoperability as well as situational recognition of the helicopter will certainly be improved by C2 (Command and also control) as well as C4 (command, control, interactions, as well as computer system) systems, along with Software Defined Radios for multi-band Line of Sight (LOS) e Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) interactions, Variable Message Format as well as Link-16 information web links, image as well as video clip transmission systems (like ROVER).

The situational recognition will certainly likewise benefit from barrier as well as altimetric account discovery systems, in addition to all the conventional navigational help, day, evening and also thermal vision systems as well as headgear placed screens (HMD). The large quantity of information will certainly be supposedly shown on big location screens (LAD) in both cabins, as received idea photos released in 2017.

Another angle of the AW249 throughout the very first trip. (Reader’s entry)

The helicopter is powered by a set of GE Aviation CT7-8E6 (T700) turboshaft engines, ranked at 2,500 hp (1,860 kW) each as well as likewise consists of vibrant elements from the AW149 transportation helicopter. The AW249 has actually been created with an optimum liftoff weight (MTOW) within the variety of 7,500– 8,000 kg (concerning the dual of the AW129’s MTOW), with the capacity to run in both hot-and-high and also winter problems, with a travelling rate of 140kts and also a three-hour endurance. The helicopter has actually been developed additionally with ship-borne procedures in mind.

Many thanks to its MTOW, the AW249 includes a tool haul which is apparently increased contrasted to the Mangusta. 6 wing terminals will certainly have the ability to fill air-to-air as well as air-to-ground projectiles, unguided/guided rockets and also exterior gas storage tanks, along with the nose placed 20 mm cannon. Like the cannon as well as the targeting system, the AW249 will certainly likewise acquire the Spike anti-tank directed rockets.

Survivability is additionally on top of the layout top priorities, with both ballistic resistance (e.g. redundancy, splitting up of crucial systems, completely dry run capacity of drive system, armoured seats, ballistic forgiving gas containers) as well as crashworthiness (e.g. crashworthy airframe, seats as well as gas storage tanks) includes being incorporated. The helicopter will certainly include a cutting edge self-protection collection, with the Italian Army apparently picking the totally electronic Elettronica ELT-162 Radar Warning Receiver, the Elettronica ELT/577 Quiris Directed Infra-Red Counter Measure System (DIRCM) and also the Leonardo Multi Aperture InfraRed (MAIR) Missile Warning System (MWS).

The airplane additionally has some reduced detectability attributes to lower both the radar random sample as well as infrared trademark. It is not a stealth helicopter, these functions will certainly aid to make the discovery of the AW249 extra hard for the enemies. The model does not show up to have IR exhaust filters on the engines, which may be included later on throughout the trip examination project. The helicopter could additionally consist of functions from worldwide Future Fast Rotorcraft programs.

While public information concerning the brand-new strike helicopter are still restricted, it is currently drawing in rate of interest from feasible export consumers. According to some records, Germany is currently in talks with Leonardo as well as the Italian MoD regarding a feasible substitute of the German Army’s Eurocopter Tiger helicopters with the AW249. Records from the BSDA event in Bucharest previously this year likewise claim that Romania is thinking about to get a variety of AW249 helicopters.

Poland was additionally taken into consideration interested, as Leonardo checked in 2018a letter of intent (LOI) with the state-owned Polish Armaments Group (PAG) to work together on the AW249’s growth. The Polish MoD is, actually, seeking to change its Mi-24 Hind helicopters, nonetheless it has actually been introduced previously this year that the selection will certainly be in between the Boeing AH-64E Apache Guardian and also Bell AH-1Z Viper.

About Stefano D’Urso Stefano D’Urso is an independent reporter as well as factor to TheAviationist based in Lecce, Italy. A grad in Industral Engineering he’s additionally researching to accomplish a Master Degree in Aerospace Engineering. Digital Warfare, Loitering Munitions and also OSINT strategies related to the globe of existing disputes as well as army procedures are amongst his locations of experience.

Mi-24V Attack Helicopters Donated By Czech Republic Are Now In Ukraine

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Mi-24V Attack Helicopters Donated By Czech Republic Are Now In Ukraine
The 2 previous Czech Mi-24V strike helicopters

in Ukraine.(Photo: Stratcom Centre UA)At the very least 2 gunship helicopters have actually been identified with their initial camouflage as well as Czech markings changed by Ukrainian flags. The U.S. Secretary of Defense Lloyd Austin divulged on May 23, 2022, that the Czech Republic contributed an undefined variety of helicopters to Ukraine, along with storage tanks as well as rocket systems. As done by lots of nations, the Czech Republic is maintaining the checklist of the contributed devices personal, so it is not feasible to establish which as well as the number of helicopters were moved from the stock of Mi-24 as well as Mi-17 helicopters.

The Centre for Strategic Communications and also Information Security under the Ministry of Culture as well as Information Policy of Ukraine launched an image on Saturday, revealing that a minimum of 2 Czech Mi-24V Hind assault helicopters are currently in Ukraine. The helicopters are still using their initial Czech camouflage, with huge Ukrainian flags on the body that are likewise covering the markings of the Czech Air Force. The Hinds additionally obtained the white bands on the tail boom as the various other helicopters currently in solution in Ukraine.

According to Czech media, both helicopters were taken straight from the trip lines rather than being drawn from storage space. The helicopters have actually been recognized with the serials 3370 and also 7353, which match to the more recent set of Mi-24V/ Mi-35 gotten by the Czech Air Force in between 2003 as well as 2005 as component of the settlement of the Russian financial debt in the direction of the nation. The helicopters were likewise supposedly lately revamped.

Comparable information was reported likewise by Key.Aero, which reported that 2 Mi-35s, with serials 3362 as well as 3370, were being planned for transfer to Ukrainian Army Aviation and also both have actually lately been revamped by LOM Praha Helicopters at Kbely. Particularly, the Mi-35 3362 was provided back to the 221st Helicopter Squadron at Namest nad Oslavou in August 2021.

It is not understood when the helicopters where moved, nevertheless their last trips were reported at the end of April. Taking into consideration that the contribution was introduced on May 23, it is feasible that the helicopters were provided in Ukraine right after, as occurred with the contribution of Slovakian helicopters. The Slovakian Minister of Defence introduced the contribution of a Mi-2 and also 4 Mi-17s transportation helicopters to Ukraine on June 16 and also a day later on they were currently identified throughout their distribution by roadway.

The Czech Air Force runs concerning 15 Mi-24/ Mi-35 Hind strike helicopters as well as concerning 20 Mi-17 Hip transportation helicopters. These helicopters are intended to be changed by 4 AH-1Z Viper assault helicopters as well as 8 UH-1Y Venom energy helicopters, whose manufacturing has actually started previously this year at Bell’s centers in Fort Worth, Texas.

About Stefano D’Urso Stefano D’Urso is an independent reporter as well as factor to TheAviationist based in Lecce, Italy. A grad in Industral Engineering he’s additionally examining to accomplish a Master Degree in Aerospace Engineering. Digital Warfare, Loitering Munitions as well as OSINT strategies put on the globe of present disputes as well as armed forces procedures are amongst his locations of competence.

Poland Procures AW149 Helicopters for Its Land Forces

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Poland Procures AW149 Helicopters for Its Land Forces
Render of the AW149 in Polish colors. (Image credit: Polish MOD)

The AW149 is the selection made in the Perkoz program.

Head of the Polish MoD, Mariusz Błaszczak, signed a procurement agreement on Jul. 1, 2022, at the PZL-Świdnik facility owned by Leonardo, covering the procurement of AW149 helicopters for the land forces.

The agreement, with a value of PLN 8.25B gross (USD ~1.81B) concerns the delivery of 32 AW149 battlefield support helicopters, while the deliveries would take place between 2023 and 2029. Krzysztof Płatek, spokesman for the Armament Agency, the Polish MoD’s procurement body added, via his Twitter account, that the agreement would also entail establishing relevant industrial potential – domestically.

This procurement concludes the Polish Perkoz helicopter program, aimed initially at replacing the obsolete Mi-2 fleet. Noteworthy, this is a second acquisition that Poland is making at Leonardo’s PZL-Świdnik facility. Previously Warsaw also acquired 4 AW101 maritime helicopters for its Navy.

Let us recall that the original assumption of the Perkoz program was to procure 32 rotary-wing aircraft in three different variants: combat support/advanced airmanship training, command and control version, and reconnaissance/EW variant. The specification published in May 2020 suggested that the aircraft are to be capable of transporting either 5 troops with full kit, or up to 1,000 kilograms of payload. The training requirement means that the helicopters shall have a dual set of controls, while the close support requirement suggests that the helicopter shall be armed.

The MoD claims that the helicopters would receive sensors, guns, and guided and unguided missiles/rockets, as well as a self-protection suite. The guided effectors would also include ATGMs – but it is unclear which missile would be selected for that role. Krzysztof Płatek, spokesman for the Armament Agency suggested that the missile is going to be a Hellfire-class ATGM, without naming a specific effector. Poland could then procure either Hellfires, Spike ATGMs (manufactured locally), or the MBDA UK Brimstone, already selected in the Army’s Ottokar-Brzoza tank destroyer program.

In further tweets, Płatek explains that even though the type of the missile has not been disclosed (as it is confidential), the missile belonging to the same class as the US-made Hellfire shall have a range of at least 8 kilometers. Nonetheless, using the argument that the information on the specific type is confidential, Płatek did not reveal that type.

The Polish helicopter procurement saga continues, following the 2016 cancelation of the Caracal deal. So far the Polish MoD procured minor quantities of S-70i Black Hawk helicopters for the SOF component and AW101s for the Navy. The AW149 would become the third type in service – which departs from the Caracal tender assumptions, where 50 helicopters were to be gathered in a common fleet, across all branches of the military.

About Jacek Siminski
Standing contributor for TheAviationist. Aviation photojournalist. Co-Founder of DefensePhoto.com. Expert in linguistics, Cold War discourse, Cold War history and policy and media communications.

Norway Permanently Terminates NH90 Operations And Contract

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Norway Permanently Terminates NH90 Operations And Contract
A Norwegian NH90 during a SAR exercise. (Photo: Norwegian Armed Forces)

The Norwegian MoD is also demanding a refund of the money spent on the NH90 programme.

The Norwegian government has decided to immediately halt all operations with the NH90 helicopters and to terminate the contract with the manufacturer NHIndustries. In a statement released by the Ministry of Defence on June 10, 2022, delays, errors and time-consuming maintenance are mentioned as the cause of this abrupt decision that put an end to the programme after 20 years.

“Regrettably we have reached the conclusion that no matter how many hours our technicians work, and how many parts we order, it will never make the NH90 capable of to meeting the requirements of the Norwegian Armed Forces”, said Norwegian Minister of Defence, Mr. Bjørn Arild Gram. “Based on a joint recommendation by the Armed Forces and associated departments and agencies, the Norwegian Government has therefore decided to end the introduction of the NH90 and has authorized the Norwegian Defence Material Agency to terminate the contract”.

The Norwegian Defence Material Agency has subsequently notified NHIndustries about the contract termination and is now preparing to return the NH90s along with any spares and equipment received. At the same time, the agency will also request a full refund from NHI, which will include the approximately NOK five billion (USD 522.5 million) it has paid under the contract, in addition to interest and other expenses.

“We have made repeated attempts at resolving the problems related to the NH90 in cooperation with NHI, but more than 20 years after the contract was signed, we still don’t have helicopters capable of performing the missions for which they were bought, and without NHI being able to present us with any realistic solutions”, said Gro Jære, Director General of the Norwegian Defence Materiel Agency.

The NH90 was developed in the mid-1990s by NHIndustries, a partnership between Airbus Helicopters, Leonardo Helicopters and Fokker Technologies. Norway decided to join the programme in 2001, with the order of 14 helicopters for Coast Guard and Anti-Submarine Warfare duties originally slated for delivery by the end of 2008. However, only eight helicopters have so far been delivered in a fully operational configuration, which were expected to provide 3,900 flight hours annually but in recent years it has averaged less than a fifth of that value, about 700 hours, according to the MoD.

<img data-attachment-id="79851" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/06/19/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-ops/norway_cancels_nh90_2-1/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Norway_Cancels_NH90_2-1.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,767" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"0","credit":"","camera":"","caption":"","created_timestamp":"0","copyright":"","focal_length":"0","iso":"0","shutter_speed":"0","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Norway_Cancels_NH90_2 (1)" data-image-description data-image-caption="

A Norwegian NH90 in a maintenance hangar. (Photo: Norwegian Armed Forces)

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-4.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-2.jpg” class=”size-large wp-image-79851″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-2.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”529″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-2.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-4.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-5.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-6.jpg 768w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-7.jpg 678w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-8.jpg 326w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/norway-permanently-terminates-nh90-operations-and-contract-9.jpg 80w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Norway_Cancels_NH90_2-1.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

A Norwegian NH90 in a maintenance hangar. (Photo: Norwegian Armed Forces)

The decision to terminate the NH90 contract follows a comprehensive review of Norway’s maritime helicopter capabilities requested by the MoD, which concluded that, even with significant additional financial investments, it would not be possible to bring the performance and availability of the NH90 to a level that would meet Norwegian requirements.

NHIndustries did not take very well the news: “NHIndustries is extremely disappointed by the decision taken by the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and refutes the allegations being made against the NH90 as well as against the Company”, reads the statement. “NHIndustries was not offered the possibility to discuss the latest proposal made to improve the availability of the NH90 in Norway and to address the specific Norwegian requirements. NHI Industries considers this termination to be legally groundless”.

The company also said that a total of 13 helicopters have already been delivered and the last one on order was ready for acceptance. In the meanwhile, the MoD will shortly begin the process of identifying an alternative maritime helicopter to fill the capability gap left by the NH90.

The situation is very reminiscent of what happened in Australia last year, when the Australian Defence Force has announced that it will retire its entire fleet of MRH90 Taipan helicopters a decade earlier than scheduled and replace them with UH-60M Black Hawks and MH-60R Seahawks. As for the Norwegian case, poor availability rates were among the causes that forced the retirement of the Australian NH90s.

About Stefano D’Urso
Stefano D’Urso is a freelance journalist and contributor to TheAviationist based in Lecce, Italy. A graduate in Industral Engineering he’s also studying to achieve a Master Degree in Aerospace Engineering. Electronic Warfare, Loitering Munitions and OSINT techniques applied to the world of military operations and current conflicts are among his areas of expertise.

‘Follow Me, You’re In A Prohibited Area’: A Slow Mover Intercept As Seen From The Target’s Point Of View

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‘Follow Me, You’re In A Prohibited Area’: A Slow Mover Intercept As Seen From The Target’s Point Of View
An F-2000 in clean configuration as it catches up with the slow mover. In the box, an HH-139 helicopter appears through the starboard side window as he closely monitor the zombie. (All photos: Stefano D’Urso/The Aviationist)

We have taken part in a scheduled Slow Mover Intercept exercise during which we were intercepted by Eurofighter F-2000 fighter jets and HH-139 helicopters. Here’s how it went.

When one thinks about Air Defense and the Quick Reaction Alert nowadays, the thought immediately goes to big airliners that might be hijacked, not responding to radios and so on, with the worst-case scenario being 9/11. However, there is an even more subtle threat, which is presented by small general aviation aircraft and ultralight aircraft who usually fly low and slow and thus harder to detect. Aircraft with these characteristics are usually described as “Slow Movers”.

To counter this threat, the Slow Mover Intercept mission was introduced and air forces around the world regularly train for it as the flight envelope of these small fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters presents some challenges for the pilots of fighter jets trying to intercept them. More often than not, these aircraft fly at very low altitude and speeds that might be slower than the stall speed of fighter aircraft, requiring specific procedures for a safe interception.

<img data-attachment-id="79695" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_1/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_1.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,571" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"9","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651068567","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"67","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.002","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_1" data-image-description data-image-caption="

The HH-139A helicopter flying on the zombie’s left wing as it shows a panel to order the pilots to follow the interceptor.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-11.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-2.jpg” class=”size-large wp-image-79695″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-2.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”394″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-2.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-11.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-12.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-13.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_1.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

The HH-139A helicopter flying on the zombie’s left wing as it shows a panel to order the pilots to follow the interceptor.

Because of this, helicopters might get involved in the QRA missions to assist fighter jets and take over once they arrive on scene. The Italian Air Force (Aeronautica Militare) is among those using both fighters and helicopters for SMI scenarios, deploying them to protect no-fly zones for important events since the early 2000s. During standard QRA missions from their homebases, usually the fighters take the precedence for the SMI scenarios but, if needed, helicopters can also be scrambled.

The Slow Mover Intercept capability was also provided by the F-16ADF which were leased as stopgap solution until the Eurofighter Typhoon (F-2000A in accordance to Italy’s MOD Mission Design Series) became operational, assisted by HH-3F CSAR helicopters. Our Editor David Cenciotti took part in a SMI training scenario in 2009 with the F-16s from the X Gruppo Caccia (10th Fighter Squadron), when the unit was still based at Trapani Air Base.

<img data-attachment-id="79688" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_2/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_2.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,660" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"5.6","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651065508","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"50","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.0008","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_2" data-image-description data-image-caption="

An Eurofighter F-2000A flies by the U-208’s wing during the intercept.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-14.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-3.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79688″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-3.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”455″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-3.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-14.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-15.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-16.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_2.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

An Eurofighter F-2000A flies by the U-208’s wing during the intercept.

Since then, the assets and procedures for these missions has changed. For some years, even before the F-16s were committed to the mission, the XII Gruppo Caccia (12th Fighter Squadron) was assigned the SMI role and was equipped with the MB-339CD trainer (FT-339C in accordance to Italy’s MOD Mission Design Series) until it received the first Eurofighters. The MB-339CD was given this secondary mission since it has a slower stall speed compared to fighter jets (below 100 kt, depending on the configuration) and it can also be armed with AIM-9L air-to-air missiles and 30 mm gunpods.

The Slow Mover Intercept mission’s responsibility has now been transferred to the Eurofighter units, supported by HH-139 helicopters. The Italian Air Force regularly trains for this mission, with periodic exercises which sometimes also involve F-35 5th gen fighter jets and HH-101 helicopters. In fact, as the F-2000s, the F-35s are part of the SSSA (Servizio Sorveglianza Spazio Aereo – Air Space Surveillance Service) and the NATO QRA, so they can be assigned QRA duties too, both in Italy and abroad.

We had a chance to take part in a scheduled Slow Mover Intercept exercise, on April 27, 2022, at Gioia del Colle Air Base, in southeastern Italy, home of the 36° Stormo (Wing). During the exercise, this Author flew in the SIAI-Marchetti S.208M liaison and glider-towing aircraft of the 60° Stormo (Wing), based at Guidonia, which was deployed to Gioia del Colle to act as the “zombie” (as an unidentified aircraft that triggers a QRA launch is called in the interceptors’ lingo).

<img data-attachment-id="79689" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_3/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_3.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,600" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"7.1","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651066042","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"50","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.0008","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_3" data-image-description data-image-caption="

Two HH-139s shadow the “zombie” as they perform the Visual IDentification ) VID.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-17.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-4.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79689″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-4.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”414″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-4.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-17.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-18.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-19.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_3.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

Two HH-139s shadow the “zombie” as they perform the Visual IDentification ) VID.

The S.208M (U-208A in accordance to Italy’s MOD Mission Design Series) is the military variant of the S.205, a low wing, single engine, four-seater general aviation aircraft designed in the 1960s. The S.208 is in the same class of aircraft like the Beechcraft Bonanza and the Piper PA-24 Comanche, so it’s perfectly suited to simulate general aviation aircraft during SMI scenarios. Also, its camouflage paint scheme makes it even harder to visually acquire the S.208 at low altitude during the interception.

Our morning in Gioia del Colle began with the mission briefing with all the crews involved in the exercise, which involved our SIAI U-208A, three Eurofighter F-2000 (one of those was a twin-seater TF-2000) of the X Gruppo Caccia and two HH-139A helicopters of the 84° Centro CSAR. A great emphasis goes to the safety of the flight, as the aircraft would have to fly very close to each other and the Eurofighters are flying near the lower limits of their flight envelope, so it is important to thoroughly discuss minimum speeds, deconfliction and which maneuvers to avoid.

As you would expect, during these complex exercises, a particular focus goes on maximizing the training value of the mission. Because of this, multiple intercepts were planned during the same flight, so every pilot could get a chance to train in the SMI role. A key point during the planning was the speed of the intercepted aircraft, as it needed to be high enough to be safe for the fighters while also keeping the fuel consumption under control in order to provide the longest vul time (vulnerability time – the period of time when an aircraft is vulnerable to harm) possible for multiple intercepts.

<img data-attachment-id="79690" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_4/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_4.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,620" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"5.6","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651066915","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"65","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.0008","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_4" data-image-description data-image-caption="

“Smile, you’re on camera!”. A Eurofighter pilot takes a photo as the aircraft passes by the port side of the U-208.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-20.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-5.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79690″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-5.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”427″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-5.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-20.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-21.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-22.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_4.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

“Smile, you’re on camera!”. A Eurofighter pilot takes a photo as the aircraft passes by the port side of the U-208.

Our flight, which was expected to last approximatively one hour and 50 minutes, was divided in three different training scenarios, which were then followed by a simulated forced landing. Since we were flying as the zombie, we were the first to take off and departed from Gioia del Colle’s runway 32L at 13:48LT with the callsign “VENTO 30”. Since our plan was to fly low and slow, there wasn’t much need to climb and we leveled off at 2,000 ft while heading towards the Gulf of Taranto, where we began orbiting over the coast.

In the meanwhile, the Eurofighters were being scrambled to find us with the help of the Ground Controlled Interception (GCI) operators. Here comes the first complication for the fighter pilots, courtesy of the doppler radar: usually a doppler radar ignores the contacts with a speed equal to or lower than the one of the interceptor aircraft, as it might consider them as background noise from radar waves reflected by the ground. If the intercepted aircraft is not built with metal, the situation gets worse, underlining the need to practice the visual interception of such targets.

We already mentioned the second complication, the low speed. Slow Mover Intercept missions are a challenging task as fast jets are not designed as slow as general aviation or ultralight aircraft. In this type of mission profile, the pilot needs to balance the speed of his fighter jet to the target’s speed in order to keep it safe while also being able to give all the details concerning the identification of the intercepted aircraft.

<img data-attachment-id="79691" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_5/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_5.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,600" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"5.6","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651065583","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"26","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.0008","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_5" data-image-description data-image-caption="

An F-2000 in clean configuration as it catches up with the slow mover.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-23.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-6.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79691″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-6.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”414″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-6.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-23.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-24.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-25.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_5.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

An F-2000 in clean configuration as it catches up with the slow mover.

Based on the target’s speed, the pilot might face two different scenarios: the intercepted aircraft is flying at a speed comparable with the minimum safe speed for the fighter jet or a much lower speed. In the former case, the fighter jets are still able to get in formation with the “zombie” and fly alongside it, even if this requires an attitude with an high AOA (Angle Of Attack). However, that’s not always the case.

Most of the times, like during our mission, the Slow Mover aircraft is flying at a speed lower than the fighter jet’s minimum speed, so the interceptors use a special procedure. When this happens, the two fighters set up a “racetrack” pattern where one fighter is on the inbound side of the pattern while the second one is on the outbound side, so that at each stage of the intercept the zombie is always in the sights of the interceptors.

During this maneuver, the fighters pass the intercepted aircraft on the port side while keeping a safe lateral separation. As they “overtake” the zombie, the pilots check for the aircraft registration, that they will later pass to the GCI along with all the info useful for the identification and for the decision-making process on the prosecution of the intercept.

So, as we’re flying at 2,000 ft and 130 kts over the coast, we look behind our shoulders and we find the first F-2000 slowly catching up on us as the pilot relays back the info regarding our VID (Visual IDentification), followed seconds later by the second fighter. As the two single-seater Typhoons of the “Picca” flight break away, the two HH-139s of the “Duffy” flight appear at our 10 o’clock, ready to form up in a shadowing position slightly behind our left wing.

<img data-attachment-id="79692" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_6/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_6.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,620" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"5.6","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651067808","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"85","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.0008","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_6" data-image-description data-image-caption="

The second HH-139 helicopter appears through the starboard side window as he closely monitor the zombie.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-26.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-7.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79692″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-7.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”427″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-7.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-26.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-27.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-28.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_6.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

The second HH-139 helicopter appears through the starboard side window as he closely monitor the zombie.

The helicopters continue to shadow us for some minutes, keeping the zombie under surveillance, before breaking away and clearing the airspace for the second scenario. While the first training scenario was over the sea, the second one was over land. Just as before, after a few orbits, the Eurofighters appeared through our rear windows, slowly catching up on us. This time one of the single seaters swapped place with the twin seater and both fighters continued to fly by us until the helicopters appeared at our 1 o’clock and were ready to intercept us.

This second training scenario, in fact, included the entire procedure and not only the interception and VID. Again, the HH-139s got in a shadowing position, one on each wing, and began identifying us with the help of their nose-mounted Electro-Optical/InfraRed sensor (EO/IR). Once the helicopters relayed all info for the VID, they moved forward to get in visual contact with the pilots of the zombie. In fact, if the radio contact is not successful, the helicopters’ pilots work to get the attention of the intercepted aircraft’s pilots while the crew in the back exposes some panels to help the communication.

Among the panels, you can find: “Prohibited area”, meaning that the zombie Is flying in a no fly zone or, more generally, a restricted area; “Follow me”, which is self-explanatory and orders the zombie to follow the interceptors out of the restricted area; “Contact 121.5 MHz”, another self-explanatory message ordering the intercepted aircraft to switch to the international guard frequency to communicate with the helicopters.

<img data-attachment-id="79693" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_7/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_7.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,620" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"10","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651068419","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"35","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.002","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_7" data-image-description data-image-caption="

The helicopter flies on the U-208’s wing as it shows a “Prohibited area” panel to the pilots.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-29.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-8.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79693″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-8.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”427″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-8.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-29.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-30.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-31.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_7.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

The helicopter flies on the U-208’s wing as it shows a “Prohibited area” panel to the pilots.

While they were not present during this exercise, usually Slow Mover Interceptor Operators (SMIO) are on board the helicopters. SMIO are both pararescuemen of the CSAR center or Fucilieri dell’Aria (Air Riflemen) of the 16° Stormo, trained in the use of precision weapons (both marksman and sniper rifles) from aerial platforms, ready to provide an air-to-air engagement capability, should the need arise, to stop a rogue aircraft. For this role they will use precision weapons like the recently introduced ARX-200 7.62 x 51 mm Designated Marksman Rifle.

We then transitioned to the third scenario, where our three-ship formation became even more unusual as two Eurofighters joined us again. We became, in fact, the leader of a five-ship V-shaped formation with our U-208, two HH-139s and two F-2000s. Having used most of their fuel, the fighters were now able to stay in formation almost effortlessly without the need to use the racetrack pattern.

As our vul time approached the end, the fighters broke the formation while we headed back to Gioia del Colle. We were still escorted by the helicopters, simulating a forced landing as it would happen if further checks are needed after the VID. This phase of the flight is where the helicopters really come in handy, as they can easily stay on our wing until the touchdown on the runway at around 60 kts.

<img data-attachment-id="79694" data-permalink="https://theaviationist.com/2022/05/31/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view/slow_mover_intercept_exercise_8b/" data-orig-file="https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_8b.jpg" data-orig-size="1024,682" data-comments-opened="0" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"9","credit":"Stefano D'Urso","camera":"Canon EOS 80D","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1651068752","copyright":"Stefano D'Urso","focal_length":"35","iso":"200","shutter_speed":"0.0015625","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_8b" data-image-description data-image-caption="

A HH-139 helicopter and a F-2000 fighter jet fly in formation beside the U-208.

” data-medium-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-32.jpg” data-large-file=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-9.jpg” loading=”lazy” class=”size-large wp-image-79694″ src=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-9.jpg” alt width=”706″ height=”470″ srcset=”https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-9.jpg 706w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-32.jpg 460w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-33.jpg 128w, https://getyourpilotslicense.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/follow-me-youre-in-a-prohibited-area-a-slow-mover-intercept-as-seen-from-the-targets-point-of-view-34.jpg 768w, https://theaviationist.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Slow_Mover_Intercept_Exercise_8b.jpg 1024w” sizes=”(max-width: 706px) 100vw, 706px”>

A HH-139 helicopter and a F-2000 fighter jet fly in formation beside the U-208.

After vacating runway 32R after a 1h 40 min- flight, we then returned to our parking spot where, in a real SMI forced landing, we would be met by the force protection or law enforcement for further checks. This Is what happened, for an instance, a couple of months ago in France, when a stolen Cessna 172 was intercepted by a Mirage 2000 and forced to land, with law enforcement agencies waiting on the ground to take over.

Slow Mover Intercept missions are among the most complex air defense missions, requiring perfect coordination between a large number of assets during the Quick Reaction Alert launch. This is why such missions are practiced periodically, so pilot can train and maintain their proficiency in this complex scenario, as well as validating the procedures during these exercises, designed to be as challenging and as realistic as possible, to better counter the asymmetric threat brought by slow movers.

About Stefano D’Urso
Stefano D’Urso is a freelance journalist and contributor to TheAviationist based in Lecce, Italy. A graduate in Industral Engineering he’s also studying to achieve a Master Degree in Aerospace Engineering. Electronic Warfare, Loitering Munitions and OSINT techniques applied to the world of military operations and current conflicts are among his areas of expertise.

[Upgraded] Video Clip Emerges Of Russian Mi-28 Shot Down By MANPADS After Lobbing Rockets Over Eastern Ukraine

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[Upgraded] Video Clip Emerges Of Russian Mi-28 Shot Down By MANPADS After Lobbing Rockets Over Eastern Ukraine
The downing of the Russian Mi-28 in Ukraine. Utilizing ballistic rocket-launching method really did not conserve this Russian gunship helicopter. Simply the other day , we commented a video clip published by the Russian MOD that verified that the Ka-52 Alligator helicopters are still lobbing unguided rockets at targets in Ukraine in the similar method we had actually observed a number of weeks previously, when the very first clips of Russian Aerospace Forces Ka-52 as well as Mi-28 Mayhem helicopters had actually begun distributing online. The method is the following: the helicopters fly at reduced degree after that bring up right into high climb, as well as introduce the rockets on top of the allegorical arc of their flightpath, sending them downrange, after that they damage tough left as well as retreat quick at reduced elevation once again to stay beyond male mobile air protection systems’ kill area. As we discussed, the above technique, that transforms the Russian helicopters right into air-borne MLRS (Multiple

Launch Rocket System)launchers, expands the variety of the rockets yet is much from precise, and also might just be efficiently utilized versus soft location targets that do not need precision or be made use of to place mental stress on the opponent. At the exact same time, this strike account enables the gunships to assault their location targets from longer range while continuing to be outside the series of the MANPADS Not also this technique can conserve the assault helicopter from the Ukrainian air protection systems: US-made FIM-92 Stinger or Polish Piorun GROM Thunder MANPADS have actually been specifically dangerous throughout the battle versus the Russian intruders. As the complying with video clip, that has actually arised on Apr. 1, 2022, verifies.The video footage reveals the minute a Russian Mi-28 Havoc helicopter took a straight hit by a MANPADS projectile that blew off its tail triggering it to collapse to the ground.

Supposedly, the occasion happened in the Luhansk Oblast. Surprisingly, at the start of the clip you can likewise see the gunship helicopter make use of the ballistic rocket-launching technique, execute an evasion maneuver to egress the location

at reduced degree as well as be struck in the exhaust location by the projectile that triggered the tail boom to divide from the remainder of the airplane.

— OSINTtechnical (@Osinttechnical) April 1, 2022

Remarkably, The Times media electrical outlet reported that the Mi-28 may have been rejected by a British Starstreak projectile: A Ministry of Defence resource thought that the video clip revealed Starstreak at work over Ukraine. The resource included that the anti-aircraft system had actually been released in the nation for nearly a week. Elderly support market resources that analyzed the movie additionally think it to be the tool.”

Starstreak is a British short-range man-portable air-defence system produced by Thales Air Defence, in Belfast. The Starstreak high-velocity rocket system was provided to Ukraine by Britain last month in addition to a more delivery of Next Generation Light Anti-tank Weapons (NLAWs).

“STARStreak’s extremely one-of-a-kind layout dramatically distinguishes it from various other SHORAD rockets”, states Thales internet site. “Designed and also established from initial principals to involve quickly, greatly armoured or incredibly elusive pop-up targets, done in a brief duration, the system is needed to take a trip at remarkably broadband. Concurrently, it needs to be light and also tiny sufficient to be guy portable on the combat zone where it might significantly require to be released in metropolitan atmospheres.”

“The rocket itself makes up 3 tungsten darts, launched from a provider which is powered by a rocket electric motor. The darts are increased to a rate over of Mach 3.0 and also the fire control system’s laser beam of light riding advice guarantees phenomenal precision whilst being virtually entirely immune to countermeasures.These one-of-a-kind features as well as the phenomenal rate of STARStreak present a considerable obstacle to opponent pilots that are not likely to have adequate time to respond when an interaction starts. This, combined with the lack of ability to jam the projectile, has a significant effect on the human awareness of pilots as well as an extremely turbulent result on goal preparation and also implementation.”The system was apparently supplied to Ukraine recently. According to a lot of records it does need much training, it is generally not a point-and-fire system. About David Cenciotti David Cenciotti is an independent reporter based in Rome&, Italy. He is the Founder as well as Editor of” The Aviationist”, among the globe’s most well-known as well as check out army aeronautics blog sites. Given that 1996, he has actually created for significant globally publications, consisting of Air Forces

Monthly, Combat Aircraft, and also several others, covering aeronautics, protection, battle, market, cyberwar, knowledge and also criminal activity. He has actually reported from the U.S., Europe, Australia and also Syria, as well as flown numerous fight aircrafts with various flying force. He is a previous 2nd Lt. of the Italian Air Force, a personal pilot and also a grad in Computer Engineering. He has actually composed 5 publications and also added to much more ones.

Ukrainian Mi-24 Gunships Slipped Across The Border With Russia To Carry Out Attack On A Fuel Depot

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Ukrainian Mi-24 Gunships Slipped Across The Border With Russia To Carry Out Attack On A Fuel Depot

Two screenshots from the Ukrainian Mi-24 pre-dawn raid on Apr. 1, 2022. An outstanding raid was executed by the Ukrainian Mi-24 Hind strike helicopters on an oil center in Belgorod, Russia. According to records emerging early Apr. 1, 2022, at the very least 2 Ukrainian Mi-24 gunship helicopters crept inside the Russian airspace to perform a morning assault on an oil storage space center in Belgorod, situated around 25 miles north of the boundary and also 50 miles from Kharkiv. If validated, the raid would certainly stand for a substantial success for the Ukrainian pressures: it would certainly influence Russia’s gas supplies near to Kharkiv, under siege because the start of the intrusion, yet likewise have a mental result on the Kremlin, obtaining progressively discouraged by the problems in their “unique armed forces procedure”.

The video clips published on social media sites promote themselves.